World Day Against Child Labor: A tribute to Lewis Hine

Breaker boys working in Ewen Breaker. S. Pittston, Pa, January 1911
The U.S. National ArchivesBreaker boys working in Ewen Breaker. S. Pittston, Pa, January 1911

Lewis Hine was a New York City school teacher and social documentary photographer. In 1911, he was hired by the National Child Labor Committee to document child labor abuses in America. His heart-wrenching images of children at work helped lead to the passage of new labor laws in the United States. He felt so strongly that if people could just see for themselves the injustices of child labor, they would rise up and demand its end. He used his photography as a means to achieve social reform. His campaign shows us that a camera, held with hands of compassion, can be a powerful tool for positive change.

A moments glimpse of the outer world. Said she was 11 years old. Been working over a year, November 1908
The U.S. National ArchivesA moments glimpse of the outer world. Said she was 11 years old. Been working over a year, November 1908

https://www.flickr.com/photos/usnationalarchives/7496294780/

Lewis Hine traveled across America, photographing children working under dangerous conditions, for long hours, in coal mines, city streets, factories, and fields.

Indiana Glass Works. Midnight, August 1908
The U.S. National ArchivesIndiana Glass Works. Midnight, August 1908

Using his hand-held, wooden box camera and his humanitarian eye, he put the undeniable, harmful effects of child labor on display for the country to witness.

Young cigarmakers in Engelhardt & Co. Three boys looked under 14, January 1909
The U.S. National ArchivesYoung cigarmakers in Engelhardt & Co. Three boys looked under 14, January 1909

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“In my early days of my child-labor activities I was an investigator with a camera attachment … but the emphasis became reversed until the camera stole the whole show.”

–Lewis Hine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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“Perhaps you are weary of child labor pictures. Well, so are the rest of us, but we propose to make you and the whole country so sick and tired of the whole business that when the time for action comes, child labor pictures will be records of the past.”

–Lewis Hine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At machine is Stanislaus Beauvais, has worked in spinning room for two years, October 1911
The U.S. National ArchivesAt machine is Stanislaus Beauvais, has worked in spinning room for two years, October 1911

“Nattily dressed in a suit, tie, and hat, Hine the gentleman actor and mimic assumed a variety of personas — including Bible salesman, postcard salesman, and industrial photographer making a record of factory machinery — to gain entrance to the workplace. When unable to deflect his confrontations with management, he simply waited outside the canneries, mines, factories, farms, and sweatshops with his fifty pounds of photographic equipment and photographed children as they entered and exited the workplace.”
Photo historian Daile Kaplan

Millie, (about 7 years old) and Mary John (with baby) 8 years old. Both shuck oysters. This is Mary's second year, February 1911
The U.S. National ArchivesMillie, (about 7 years old) and Mary John (with baby) 8 years old. Both shuck oysters. This is Mary's second year, February 1911
Furman Owens, 12 years old. Can't read. Don't know A, B, C's. "Yes I want to learn but can't when I work all the time," January 1909
The U.S. National ArchivesFurman Owens, 12 years old. Can't read. Don't know A, B, C's. "Yes I want to learn but can't when I work all the time," January 1909

In 2002, the first World Day Against Child Labor was commemorated by the International Labour Organization. Its purpose was to shine a light on the extent of child labor around the world and to call to action an effort to eliminate it. Since then, every year on June 12 the World Day Against Child Labor brings together millions of people from around the world through governments, civil society, employers, and workers organizations to once again call out the tragedy of child labor and focus all efforts on ending it.

To find out more about this year’s commemoration, please visit the UN website.
To learn more about Lewis Hine, please visit the Flickr Commons.
Click here to read more about the issue of child labor today.

In memory of Maya Angelou, who knew how to pick up the battle.